James, The Brother Of The Lord or Was He A Brother?
Today Matt and I have a discussion on whether James in Galatians 1:19 is the biological brother of the Jesus or if he is just another brother of the lord, being a general Christian. Matt offers his side and I try to explain why I feel that he is wrong about that.
Matt tries to suggest that the theology of Paul would have changed between writing to Galatia and Rome. He suggests that those in Galatia wouldn't have the same concepts as he was preaching. The concept of brothers in the lord wouldn't have been known to the Christians in Galatia. I have since researched this topic further and have found that in these types of religions / cults becoming familial with the others in the faith was common practice. They would have understood Paul especially considering that he confirmed his gospel with the others in Jerusalem. He was teaching the same message and theology as the other guys.
Matt also says that Mark mentions brothers and sisters in Mark 6:3 ( listed below). Most commentary's and explanations that I've found have suggested them to be cousins rather than brothers and sisters. I think there could be a case made that they may not have been blood related either considering the familial sense that some communities have. I'm not exactly sure on that point but I will dive into the research on it.
Listed below are relevant bible passages.
But other of the apostles saw I none, save James the Lord's brother.
I did not receive it from any man, nor was I taught it; rather, I received it by revelation from Jesus Christ.
1 Corinthians 15:3-8
For what I received I passed on to you as of first importance[a]: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, 4 that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures, 5 and that he appeared to Cephas,[b] and then to the Twelve. 6 After that, he appeared to more than five hundred of the brothers and sisters at the same time, most of whom are still living, though some have fallen asleep. 7 Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles, 8 and last of all he appeared to me also, as to one abnormally born.